3-Minute Quick Wash Cannabis Tincture [Recipe]
As the name implies, "Quick wash" tinctures are the fastest method for making cannabis tincture using alcohol. Because 100% of the cannibinoids are contained on the outside of the leaf in the trichomes, quick wash tinctures dissolve the cannabinoids into solution while reducing the amount of chlorophy and other plant lipids (waxes and oils) also extracted. Quick wash tinctures range from light yellow to lime green regardless of if you are working with top shelf bud or trimmings and sugar leaves. Learn more about how to make a quick wash alcohol tincture, follow my recipe to make your own, and scroll to the bottom for links more information on alternative recipes including full extract tincture and the benefits/caveats of incorporating freezing cold temperatures to your process.
Equipment for Quick Wash Cannabis Tincture
- Glass “mason-style” jar, 32 fl oz or larger.
- Stainless steel fine mesh strainer.
- Large bowl, stainless steel or glass.
- Long handled, metal spoon.
- Any glass jar will do for allowing your tincture to seep. Mason jars are suggested as they are cost effective, reusable, and easy to clean and prepare between uses. Using (or reusing) a plastic vessel or jar is not recommended as cleaning plastic jars in-between uses can introduce micro scratches which can trap soap from washing or contaminate new projects with left overs from old projects. When choosing a jar, allow for adequate extra space for stirring, agitation, and to make transferring into strainer less messy.
- A stainless fine mesh strainer will separate all but the finest particles of cannabis from the tincture. Alternatively you can use a coffee filter placed in a large plastic funnel for straining as well. The contact time between plastic and ethanol is minimal and should not affect the tincture, however a stainless steel funnel would be better. Coffee filters filter particles up to 20 microns (a grain of flour is 100 microns) and accordingly the straining time will be significantly slower if filtering through a coffee filter.
- Avoid plastic containers (jars, bowls, dishes, etc) and tools (spoons, strainers, etc) wherever possible. Plastic may absorb and transfer odors and flavors from the tincture to your next project, or from soaps/detergents used to clean them. Nothing ruins a tincture more than the taste of dish soap that was dissolved into the ethanol, please stick with non-reactive materials including glass or stainless steel. Ceramic and wood containers should also be avoided.
Ingredients for Quick Wash Cannabis Tincture
- 1/2 oz (14 grams) of Cannabis (trim leaves or buds, no stems or seeds)
- 8 fluid ounces of 200 proof (100% ABV) Food Grade Ethanol.
- Any cannabis or hemp can be used. The properties of the individual strain(s) will convey directly to the final tincture.
- Only used dried and cured cannabis for making tincture. Fresh leaves and buds contain a large percentage of water which will be dissolved into the alcohol during the steep step and can affect potency, flavor, and yield.
- Activate the THC-A into THC before making your tincture. Cannabis and hemp flower in their natural form contain THCA (or CBDA). Converting the THCA (the "A" stands for acid) molecule into THC is done through a process called "decarboxylation". Decarboxylation requires heat, cannabis that is smoked is decarboxylated in the moment, however cannabis that is consumed orally or topically must be decarboxylated before consumption/application. It is recommended to decarboxylate your cannabis flower before steeping in alcohol to make your tincture. Read my decarboxylation recipe and suggested process here for more information.
- Not all alcohol is created equal when it comes to making tincture. Be sure to use source only non-denatured food grade ethyl alcohol (ethanol) to make your cannabis tincture. Beware of alcohols containing additives including methanol, benzene, hexane, or other toxic denaturants. Culinary Solvent is pure non-denatured food grade ethyl alcohol designed for making tinctures, extracts, concentrates and is safe for body and skin, inside and out. Buy Culinary Solvent food grade alcohol shipped to your door here.
- 190 proof alcohol can be substituted for 200 proof alcohol. The 5% water present in 190 proof alcohol has no function when making cannabis tincture (it's the ethanol the does all of the extraction), if you have a choice between 190 proof and 200 proof, choose the 200 proof for making cannabis tincture. Using an alcohol strength below 190 proof (ie 151 proof) for cannabis tincture is not recommended.
- Clean all of your equipment before getting started. A rinse with hot water is fine, no need to sanitize/disinfect surfaces.
- Decarboxylate your cannabis/hemp to activate the THC/CBD.
- Remove any stems or seeds present before tincturing. Quality in = Quality out.
- Gently crush or break up flower buds to ensure good contact with the plant material and alcohol. Grinding into a powder is overkill and not recommended as it makes the straining step messy and dramatically increases the surface area which can result in more chlorophyll extracted from inside the leaf. Chlorophyll is neither good, nor bad, but may give your tincture a dark green or brown color and present a slightly bitter flavor.
Quick Wash Cannabis Tincture Recipe Steps
- Combine: 1/2 ounce (14 grams) of dried cannabis with 8 fluid-ounces (500 ML, 373 grams) of 200 proof food grade ethanol. Use a spoon to push material down into the liquid, or if using an especially bulky herb, add a little more food grade ethanol so that all plant material is submerged. Do not add water.
- Agitate: Stir briefly to ensure total coverage of alcohol over and throughout plant matter.
- Wait: Set jar aside for 3 minutes.
- Strain: Pour contents of jar into the fine mesh strainer. Using a spoon, gently press pile of botanical to release last amounts of liquid. Retain liquid, discard botanical.
- Done: This basic quick wash tincture is finished and ready to consume.
Storing Finished Quick Wash Cannabis Tincture
- Vessel: Store in an amber glass bottle with tightly sealed lid. Dropper bottles are not recommended for long term storage.
- Storage Location: Cool and dark like a cupboard or refrigerator door. Ok to store alcohol based tincture in the freezer.
- Approximate Shelf Life: Use within 1-3 years.
Considerations and Alternative Recipes
3 Minutes doesn't seem like enough time to soak, are you sure?
Yes. Because all (literally 100%) of the cannabinoids exist on the outside of the leaves (the trichomes or white crystals visible by the naked eye), an infusion time of 3 minutes will extract 80%+ of the cannabinoids while leaving behind chlorophyll, water, and natural hemp oils and waxes made by the plant. Any soak longer than 20 minutes is considered full extract, see below for more details. There is no negative consequence to letting your tincture steep longer than 3 minutes beyond extraction of increased amounts of non-cannabinoid components as time progresses.
Does freezing the Cannabis and Alcohol improve results?
Freezing can improve flavor and color of the tincture by trapping residual water and chlorophyll in ice crystals which will not dissolve into the alcohol while steeping. In order for freezing to affect the outcome of the tincture, the following condition must be met: All ingredients, and equipment, are kept below the freezing point of water (32 degrees F or 0 degrees C) for the entire duration of the process including straining. If at any point the liquid raises above freezing, the benefits of freezing will be lost and the time and energy spent will be wasted. For example, pouring a freezing cold tincture through a room temperature filter defeats the purpose of freezing in the first place. Freezing does not have a significant affect on potency, however if done correctly will result in less water also extracted into the alcohol solution. Commercial processors who incorporate freezing into the tincture process seek to achieve temperatures below -40 degrees C.
How to measure potency of your cannabis tincture?
The only true way to measure potency of a finished tincture is to submit a sample of the tincture to an authorized laboratory who can perform an analysis and provide a report on the constituents. If you live in a state with a medical or recreational adult use cannabis program, there are likely a number of local laboratories available for performing such analysis. The results often include a full breakdown of the various cannabinoids contains (THC, CBD, CBV, CBG, etc). An alternative method to closely estimating the potency of the final tincture is to carefully measure the components going into the recipe, as well as measuring the amount of final liquid captured after straining. This alternative method requires starting with cannabis flower that has been tested, which is common practice when sourcing cannabis from licensed dispensaries and caregivers.
How to remove the alcohol from the tincture to leave behind a concentrated oil?
Under the right conditions, the alcohol contained within the tincture can be evaporated away leaving behind a concentrated oil consisting of a high (60%+) total cannabinoids. There are various means and methods for evaporating and reclaiming ethanol from your tincture, read my extended post on the topic for more information.
How to turn quick wash tincture into Rick Simpson Oil (RSO or FECO)?
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) is the result of concentrating the cannabinoids contained within an alcohol tincture by way of reducing down the alcohol through the controlled application of heat to the tincture. The heat applied to the tincture has the added benefit of decarboxylating the cannabinoids during the process. There are many methods and recipes available for making RSO from tincture, see my RSO recipe post here for a list of suggested methods.
What is the difference between "Full Extract" vs "Quick Wash"
The term "Full Extract" indicates a longer soak in room temperature alcohol thereby allowing all of the plant's natural components to fully dissolve into the alcohol. "Quick Wash" methods aim to extract only the trichomes present on the outside of the leaf. Full extracts are typically darker green in color while quick wash recipes range from light brown to lime green in color. Because of the increased soak time and room temperature conditions of the ethanol, full extract tinctures may exhibit more potency (concentration of cannabinoids), where some quick washes may leave behind a small percentage (<10%) of cannabinoids, especially if dense buds were not adequately broken up in the preparation step. Both methods are effective for making cannabis tincture with ethanol, the choice as to which is better or more desirable is left to the final user.
Why not just long soak a tincture vs a quick wash (that may leave some cannabinoids behind)
Quick wash tinctures are most commonly used by commercial processors who intend to further refine their tincture into concentrated oils for vape cartridges or isolates. Quick washes dissolve a minimum amount of lipids (natural oils and waxes made by the plant) which makes post processing the tincture into concentrated oil a more straightforward process with consistent results. Most at home DIY users will prefer the full extract long soak method to maximize the yield, concentration, and potential "entourage effects" that come with completely dissolving everything but for the cellulose of the starting plant material.
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