Top 10 Chemical Properties of Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol)

Chemical Properties of Ethyl Alcohol

  1. Chemical Formula: Ethyl alcohol's chemical formula is . This represents two carbon atoms, six hydrogen atoms, and one oxygen atom.

  2. Polarity: Ethanol is a polar solvent, which means it can dissolve both polar and certain non-polar substances. This property is vital in extractions and in the formation of solutions with a wide range of compounds.

  3. Boiling Point: Ethyl alcohol has a boiling point of 78.37°C (173.1°F). This relatively low boiling point makes it easy to remove from solutions through evaporation, which is especially useful in distillations and certain cooking techniques.

  4. Flammability: Ethanol is highly flammable. It can be ignited easily and burns with a blue flame. This property is the basis for its use in certain culinary presentations like flambéing.

  5. Density: Ethanol is less dense than water. Its density is about 0.789 g/cm^3 at 20°C.

  6. Miscibility: Ethanol is miscible with water in all proportions. This complete solubility is useful in mixology (creating cocktails) and in making tinctures where a range of alcohol-water concentrations might be desired.

  7. Vapor Pressure: Ethanol has a high vapor pressure, which means it evaporates quickly when exposed to air. This characteristic is beneficial for processes requiring rapid drying.

  8. Hydrophilic Nature: Ethanol is hydrophilic, meaning it has an affinity for water. This makes it a good dehydrating agent for foods and a useful drying agent in laboratories.

  9. Toxicity: While ethyl alcohol is consumable and is the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, it can be toxic in large amounts. Its purity, when referred to as "food grade," means that it doesn't contain harmful impurities or additives.

  10. Reactivity: Ethanol can react with various inorganic and organic compounds, making it suitable for numerous chemical reactions. However, in its pure form and under standard conditions, it's generally stable.

  11. Preservative Qualities: Due to its ability to denature proteins and lipids, ethanol can act as a preservative by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. This property is why it's often used in preserving biological specimens and in herbal tinctures.

Culinary Solvent from is pure ethyl alcohol designed for tinctures, herbalists, chefs, makers, perfumers, and more.  Learn more about food grade ethyl alcohol or shop here for 200 proof food grade alcohol from

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